The ins and outs of field hockey
Field hockey is one of the oldest team sports and is currently the third most popular sport and is played in numerous countries around the world both as a male and a female sport. Played by teams of eleven players, one of which is the goalkeeper usually on an astro-turf style field. The players spend time training and improving both their hockey skills as well as their overall fitness levels. One of the ways of doing this is to watch Hockey Training videos like the ones that you can find at https://www.sportplan.net/drills/Hockey/Overload-situations/exploit-the-overload-hockey0031.jsp
As with any sport there are a number of rules that need to be adhered to otherwise penalties against the team are issued. These rules essentially fall into three main categories:
Playing the ball
The ball may only be struck with the flat side of the hockey stick and the stick must not be raised higher than shoulder height when striking the ball. Players may only use the hockey stick to control the ball and must not use any part of their body – other than the goalkeeper.
Hockey is a non-contact sport and as such players must not interfere with or make contact with a player of the opposing side. If contact is made between players a foul is recorded and the affected players team is given a free-hit or a penalty shot depending on the decision of the umpire.
A goal can be scored in one of three ways – from a penalty stroke, a penalty corner or from a field goal. A field goal (unlike a goal that is scored in football) can only be scored if the ball is hit in the striking circle. If a goal is scored from hitting the ball from anywhere else on the field the goal does not count.
When the rules are not followed, or a foul occurs whether from contact between players, the stick being raised higher than shoulder height or obstructing a player in anyway there are a number of ways that a team can be punished or rewarded. These include a free hit which is taken from the spot where the foul occurred and is usually given for any offences that take place outside of scoring circle area. A team can also be awarded a penalty corner for a foul that occurs inside the striking circle, or a penalty stroke for a foul that has led to an almost certain goal from not being achieved. A penalty stroke is between the player and the goalkeeper only.